Kolkata also known as Calcutta is known as Gamma city and will be the capital city of West Bengal. It is method to most populous metro city and during the British reign was the capital state of India until 1911. Kolkata is well-known for its political events and its active participation in Indian Communist movements. Kolkata is been blessed with many laurels like 'Cultural Capital of India', 'The associated with Processions' and 'City of Joy'.
Kolkata is known to add fame to all walks of life. The city is known you can own Dada of Bengal, Beauties like Sushmita Sen, Rani Mukherjee, the legendary L.D. Burman and Sathyajit Ray, noble writer Rabindranath Tagore, Be it Sports, Politics, Culture, Arts, Food, Travel; Whatever they have it. The sacred reminiscence for our beloved Mother Teresa will always be cherished.
History: The good reputation Kolkata begins with no onset of English East India Company in 1690. Traditionally Job Charnock, who being an administrator was accredited as a founder of metropolis.
During 17th century, Kolkata was formulated from three villages Kalikata, Gobindapur and Sutanuti which was indirectly ruled by the Nawab of Bengal named Siraj-Ud-Daulah. The actual late 17th century, British wanted develop a fort near Gobindapur to solidify their hold against other foreign powers like the Dutch, French and Portuguese.
In 1702, Old Fort William was constructed which was used being a regional base for its troops, and later on Calcutta was crowned the Presidency city which down the track became the headquarters for Bengal Obama administration. From 1690 to 1772, British East India Company was the dominant force.
During the 19th century, the city was divided into two, British (known since White Town) centered on Chowringhee along with the other Indian centered on North Calcutta (known with the Black Town). In 1905, due to the partition of Bengal made from communal grounds, resulted in widespread public havoc thus lead to your boycott of British goods which was called Swadeshi Movement.
The 1960s and 1970s, experienced economic stagnation due to severe power shortages, strikes and a violent Marxist-Maoist movement - the Naxalites which can lead to the harm to the city's infrastructure. In 1985 Rajiv Gandhi referred to Kolkata being a 'dying city' and within mid-1990s, end result the introduction of the economic reforms in India your Central Government, the economy gathered momentum and consistency.
Topography and Weather: Located in the eastern part India with River Hooghly flowing in the north-east track. Kolkata has a tropical wet and dry climate where the summers are hot and humid and also hot during May and June. Metropolis experiences short winters simply for two nicely half months prevailing between December and January. The monsoons are predominant around June and September and due to the geographical constraints this city is often prone to cyclones.
Culture: Kolkata is known for its artistic and revolutionary heritage is well know to welcome and appreciate any form art and culture and due for this attribute this city additionally be known as Cultural Capital of India or the Literary Capital of In india.
Durga Pooja is celebrated with great pomp and show and is referred to as the Rio Carnival of the Eastern Hemisphere. The city is decorated with lights and each area has their own booths (pandals) having the idol of goddess Durga and each area and every one street competes with each other to make their booths look outstanding and dazzling. The oldest areas the spot where the Pooja transpires with great zeal are developing North Kolkata, like Baghbazar Sarbojonin, Kumartuli, Ahiritola, Md. Ali Park, and College Square. Kolkata is recognized for its Rabindrasangeet and Indian classical record. The Bengali folk music such as baul and kirtans and gajan also adds into the list.
Bengali could be the native language spoken as well as the most striking features depicting sense of community the actual very presence of para called neighborhood and the casual chit chat which is known as adda. Near the artistic vertical, the folk theatre form called Jatra, is renowned art within activities of Group Movie theaters. Kolkata is home to Bengali cinema industry recognized as as 'Tollywood'.
A special mention goes to the delicious cuisine which usually mind blowing in every way. The lip-smacking most junk food like Singara, Jilpi, Alu Chop, Jhaal Moori and Phuchka become the must-haves among food mongers. The authentic Bengali meals are rice and machher jhol (fish curry), Alu posto (Posto is poppy seeds), Begun bhaja (brinjal fry), Alu bhaja (potato fry), Dim bhaja (egg fry) and 'Luchi tarkari'. Fish based delicacies are far famed and freshwater fishes that contributes to the daily needs are catfish, bass, shad or mullet. One of several sweet dishes the most well-known ones become the 'Roshogolla', 'Chomchom', 'Shondesh', 'Rajbhog', 'Pantua', 'Pithe' and 'Payesh'.
Places to Visit:
How to reach Kolkata:
Air: One of several major airports in India which is IS/ISO 9001:2000 Certified Airport is the one and only the Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Air-port located in Dum Dum catering to international and domestic site. The airport was earlier known as Dum Dum Airport but was later renamed on the honor of Bengali Indian freedom fighter Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.
Rail: Railways are well connected in Kolkata like the city will be two major railway stations; one positioned in Howrah and also the other at Sealdah. India's first underground railway service networking town was the Metro in Kolkata.
Bus: The Esplanade Terminus is appropriate bus terminus which depends on the heart of area.
Tram:Kolkata will be the only city in India to have got the Tram supplier. Travelling in Tram is become cumbersome as the tracks run in the centre of your heavy traffic roads along with the commuters are encountering difficulties in reaching to the tram stops using the traffic. Even during rush hours the trams are found to be running eating plans seats vacant, which usually means that reduction in revenue for Calcutta Tram Company.
In this of internet, booking of ticket easy and hassle free. Online travel agencies are always updated although price and availability list of different fleet. Bus booking, Air ticket booking is usually quite convenient within the. Online bus tickets booking is a shorter period consuming in addition great energy saving process.