The sound, accompanied through high-pitched shriek as cables move rapidly upon a cable loop system, is nearly reminiscent of that served by a windmill's blades due to the fact slice through the the necessary oxygen. No power is generated, however this sound will be the definition of power consumption, as two giant arms swing thrill-seekers high in the air through the involving huge pneumatic cylinders.
Cedar Fair LLP, Sandusky, Ohio, introduces a new ride each year at its Cedar Point amusement park. The Skyhawk, 2006's edition, is a massive swing, designed by S&S Power Inc., Logan, Utah, which specializes in pneumatically (and sometimes hydraulically) driven rides. Its other Cedar Point contributions include the pneumatic Power Tower and the free-falling hydraulic Frog Hopper, a children's ride. More than 100 of its rides entertain riders worldwide.
Seating 40 people 10 on each side of two large arms the Skyhawk swings riders very much 125 ft into atmosphere at speeds of 60 mph or more. The one-minute ride peaks at seven swings, giving riders a chance to look straight up into the sky, out over Lake Erie, or straight right down to the concrete below.
This is accomplished, says Cedar Point's Vice-President of Maintenance/New Construction and Assistant General Manager Monty Jasper, with the use of your respective 'ready power plant.' Air.
The ride is run by four 300-hp compressors from Ingersoll Rand, which pump 1275 cfm of air at 120 psi to two double-acting air cylinders that are truly massive each has a 28-in. bore and 21-ft stroke. The two cylinders, situated on either side of the ride's legs, each contain a 300-lb piston, which generates approximately 73,000 lb. of thrust, said S&S founder Stan Checkitts. The cylinder stroke about 22 ft in normal operation within the 31-ft long cylinder.
Quick-acting, 4-in. valves, operated by 3/8-in. pilot valves, shoot the compressed air into the cylinder. S&S' Tim Jacobi, project engineer for the Skyhawk, adds, 'To swing the arm one way, we open the two-position push valve on one side of the cylinder and the exhaust valve on the opposite side. Then we do the contrary to swing the arm in the other direction.' The valves shift from fully closed to fully open in about 1 sec. A computer system monitors the ride and its velocity and commands the valves to open or close.
A single loop of high-strength steel cable transmits force from the cylinder to a sheave that applies torque to drive your swing arm. Essentially, then, the assembly provides a giant rotary actuator. A sheave at the base of the tower acts as an idler, and additional sheaves help as possible . cable stable. Jacobi says the cable cannot become slack, which is achieved by pre-tensioning the wire rope. As it would be a loop, the tensions oppose each other. Air flowing into one end among the cylinder increases cable tension at that end but decreases tension at the other end, and the pre-tensioning prevents any kind of the loop from going slack.
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